a. Adjective Comparison
Comparative is used to compare something with another thing.
Eg. : EAngga is older than Erni. EAngga and Erni are older than Citra and Bella. EBen is more generous than his sister, Dela.
Superlative is used to compare one part of a whole group to all the rest of the group.
Eg : EMiranda, Irene, Brenda, and Dorothe are sisters. Dorothy is oldest of all four sisters. EA man in Tibet claims to be the oldest man in the world. EKaira Knightly is the most beautiful woman in the world..
Form of Comparative and Superlative :
One – Syllable Adjectives:
old older the oldest
hard harder the hardest
high higher the highest
Two – Syllable Adjectives:
famous more famous the most famous
wise wiser the wisest
busy busier the busiest
pretty prettier the prettiest
clever cleverer the cleverest
more clever the most clever
gentle gentler the gentlest
friendly friendlier the friendliest
more friendly the most friendly
Three or more – Syllable Adjectives:
important more important the most important
fascinating more fascinating the most fascinating
good better the best
bad worse the worst
b. Adverb Comparison Adverb comparison is used to compare how something is done between someone and another one or between someone in a group with others in his or her group.
Because most adverbs consist of more than two syllables, therefore we just have to add „more‟ for comparatives and „most‟ for superlatives. Example of sentences using adverb comparison are :
The smart students listen to the teachers more seriously than the lazy students.
They type more neatly than us since they are more skillful than us.
This machine operates more quickly than that.
Activity 1. Change the words in brackets into the correct comparison.
1. Mr. Timothy is (strong) than the children.
2. The guest got into the room (early) than the bride and the groom.
3. My running shoes are the (comfortable) shoe I ever have.
4. She is the (talkative) woman I have ever met.
5. Chinese food is the (good) from all other kinds of food in the world.
6. This test is (easy) than the previous test.
7. Tokyo is one of (large) cities in the world.
8. I have a lot of collections of shoes. I like them all, but the (favorite) pair of shoes is this one.
9. I have three shirts, these two are quite expensive, but this one is the (expensive) of all.
10. Jalan Sudirman is (wide) than Jalan Imam Bonjol.
11. (expensive) hotels usually provide (complete and good) facilities than the (cheap) hotels.
12. Do you think this man is (rich) than that man.?
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