The Second Material Of English for Class X


Countries & Nationality

The word ‘Nationality’ is not often used in spoken English. It is a formal and official word and it appears more frequently in written English. You will find the word ‘Nationality’ is used a lot in the travel industry and for immigration.

We almost never say: What is your nationality?

We usually say: Where are you from? OR Where do you come from?

To tell someone your nationality you DON’T say: My nationality is Chilean.

You say: I’m Chilean

Remember

I am from Chile.

To Be + from + country

I am Chilean.

To Be + Nationality

This chart lists many of the countries or nations in the world, with the following information:

Name of country

Adjective used for that country (also describes nationality)

Noun used for a person from that country

Look at these example sentences:

She comes from France. She is French. Her nationality is French. She is a Frenchwoman. She drives a French car. She speaks French.

No

Country

Nationality

Language

1

 Afghanistan

 Afghan

 Afghan

2

 Argentina

 Argentine / Argentinean

 Spanish

3

 Australia

 Australian

 English

4

 Belgium

 Belgian

 French / Flemish

5

 Bolivia

 Bolivian

 Spanish

6

 Brazil

 Brazilian

 Portuguese

7

 Cambodia

 Cambodian

 Cambodian

8

 Canada

 Canadian

 English / French

9

 Chile

 Chilean

 Spanish

10

 China

 Chinese

 Chinese

11

 Colombia

 Colombian

 Spanish

12

 Costa Rica

 Costa Rican

 Spanish

13

 Cuba

 Cuban

 Spanish

14

 Denmark

 Danish (Dane)

 Danish

15

 Dominican Republic

 Dominican

 Spanish

16

 Ecuador

 Ecuadorian

 Spanish

17

 Egypt

 Egyptian

 Arabic

18

 El Salvador

 Salvadorian

 Spanish

19

 England

 English

 English

20

 Estonia

 Estonian

 Estonian

21

 Ethiopia

 Ethiopian

 Amharic

22

 Finland

 Finnish

 Finnish

23

 France

 French

 French

24

 Germany

 German

 German

25

 Greece

 Greek

 Greek

26

 Guatemala

 Guatemalan

 Spanish

27

 Haiti

 Haitian

 French / Creole

28

 Honduras

 Honduran

 Spanish

29

 Indonesia

 Indonesian

 Indonesian

30

 Ireland

 Irish

 Irish / English

31

 Israel

 Israeli

 Hebrew

32

 Italy

 Italian

 Italian

33

 Japan

 Japanese

 Japanese

34

 Jordan

 Jordanian

 Arabic

35

 Korea

 Korean

 Korean

36

 Laos

 Laotian

 Laotian

37

 Latvia

 Latvian

 Latvian

38

 Lithuania

 Lithuanian

 Lithuanian

39

 Malaysia

 Malaysian

 Malay

40

 Mexico

 Mexican

 Spanish

41

 Morocco

 Moroccan

 Arabic / French

42

 Netherlands

 Dutch

 Dutch

43

 New Zealand

 New Zealander

 English / Maori

44

 Nicaragua

 Nicaraguan

 Spanish

45

 Norway

 Norwegian

 Norwegian

46

 Panama

 Panamanian

 Spanish

47

 Paraguay

 Paraguayan

 Spanish

48

 Peru

 Peruvian

 Spanish

49

 Philippines

 Filipino

 Tagalog

50

 Poland

 Polish

 Polish

51

 Portugal

 Portuguese

 Portuguese

52

 Puerto Rico

 Puerto Rican

 Spanish

53

 Romania

 Romanian

 Romanian

54

 Russia

 Russian

 Russian

55

 Saudi Arabia

 Saudi

 Arabic

56

 Spain

 Spanish

 Spanish

57

 Sweden

 Swedish

 Swedish

58

 Switzerland

 Swiss

 Swiss

59

 Taiwan

 Taiwanese

 Chinese

60

 Thailand

 Thai

 Thai

61

urkey

 Turkish

 Turkish

62

 Ukraine

 Ukrainian

 Ukrainian

63

 United States

 American *

 English

64

 Uruguay

 Uruguayan

 Spanish

65

 Venezuela

 Venezuelan

 Spanish

66

 Vietnam

 Vietnamese

 Vietnamese

67

 Wales

 Welsh

 Welsh / English

68

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