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Modul B. Inggris SMK BSE  Mapel Normatif B.Inggris SMA BSE

English BSE SMP

English Grammar Lessons

The present simple is used to talk about actions we see as long term or permanent. It is very common and very important.

In these examples, we are talking about regular actions or events.

  • I drive to work every day.
  • She doesn’t come very often.
  • The games usually start at 8.00 in the evening.
  • What do you usually have for breakfast?

In these examples, we are talking about facts.

  • Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F.
  • I have three children.
  • What does this word mean?
  • I don’t have any of my original teeth left.

In these examples, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart.

  • The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning.
  • Christmas Day falls on a Sunday this year.
  • Ramadan doesn’t begin for another 2 weeks.
  • Does the class begin this week or next?

In these examples, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking. Notice that, although these feelings can be short-term, we use the present simple and not the present continuous.

  • I think you are wrong.
  • She doesn’t want to do it.
  • They don’t agree with us.

Do you understand what I am trying to say.

We use the Present Simple

  • for regular actions or events
    I watch TV most evenings.
  • facts
    The sun rises in the east
  • facts know about the future
    The plane leaves at 5.00 in the morning.
  • thoughts and feelings about the time of speaking
    I don’t understand.

We use the Present Continuous

  • at the time of speaking (‘now’)
    I’m watching a movie on TV.
  • things which are true at the moment but not always
    I’m looking for a new job.
  • present plans for the future
    I’m taking my husband to New York for his birthday.

Look at these sentences:

  • I usually don’t drink coffee but I’m having one this morning because there is nothing else.
  • I often drive to work but I’m taking the train this morning because my car is in for repair.
  • I’m thinking about dying my hair blonde but I don’t think my wife will be very happy about it.
  • My parents live in New York but I’m just visiting.

Notice how in all these examples we use the present continuous to talk about events which are temporary/limited in time and the present simple to talk about events which are habits/permanent.

We use the past simple to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past.

We can use it to talk about a specific point in time.

  • She came back last Friday.
  • I saw her in the street.
  • They didn’t agree to the deal.

It can also be used to talk about a period of time.

  • She lived in Tokyo for seven years.
  • They were in London from Monday to Thursday of last week.
  • When I was living in New York, I went to all the art exhibitions I could.

You will often find the past simple used with time expressions such as these:

  • Yesterday
  • three weeks ago
  • last year
  • in 2002
  • from March to June
  • for a long time
  • for 6 weeks
  • in the 1980s
  • in the last century
  • in the past

We use the past continuous to talk about past events which went on for a period of time.

We use it when we want to emphasize the continuing process of an activity or the period of that activity. (If we just want to talk about the past event as a simple fact, we use the past simple.)

  • While I was driving home, Peter was trying desperately to contact me.
  • Were you expecting any visitors?
  • Sorry, were you sleeping?
  • I was just making some coffee.
  • I was thinking about him last night.
  • In the 1990s few people were using mobile phones.

We often use it to describe a “background action” when something else happened.

  • I was walking in the street when I suddenly fell over.
  • She was talking to me on the phone and it suddenly went dead.
  • They were still waiting for the plane when I spoke to them.
  • The company was declining rapidly before he took charge.
  • We were just talking about it before you arrived.
  • I was making a presentation in front of 500 people when the microphone stopped working.

Both the past simple and the past continuous refer to completed actions in the past.

Most of the time when we are talking about such actions, we use the past simple. This is by far the most common way about talking about the past.

  • I lived there for 6 years.
  • I only found out a few moments ago.
  • I asked her but she didn’t know anything.
  • The company made 100 people redundant last year.

Only use the past continuous when you want to emphasize the continuity of the action.

  • Everybody was talking about it all evening.
  • They were really trying hard but couldn’t do it.
  • I was thinking about you the other day.
  • Were you expecting that to happen?

When we use these two forms in the same sentence, we use the past continuous to talk about the “background action” and the past simple to talk about the shorter completed action.

  • It was raining hard when we left the building.
  • I was reading the report when you rang.
  • He was going out to lunch when I saw him.
  • The company was doing well when I last visited it.

The present simple is used to talk about actions we see as long term or permanent. It is very common and very important.

In these examples, we are talking about regular actions or events.

  • I drive to work every day.
  • She doesn’t come very often.
  • The games usually start at 8.00 in the evening.
  • What do you usually have for breakfast?

In these examples, we are talking about facts.

  • Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F.
  • I have three children.
  • What does this word mean?
  • I don’t have any of my original teeth left.

In these examples, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart.

  • The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning.
  • Christmas Day falls on a Sunday this year.
  • Ramadan doesn’t begin for another 2 weeks.
  • Does the class begin this week or next?

In these examples, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking. Notice that, although these feelings can be short-term, we use the present simple and not the present continuous.

  • I think you are wrong.
  • She doesn’t want to do it.
  • They don’t agree with us.

Do you understand what I am trying to say.

We use the Present Simple

  • for regular actions or events
    I watch TV most evenings.
  • facts
    The sun rises in the east
  • facts know about the future
    The plane leaves at 5.00 in the morning.
  • thoughts and feelings about the time of speaking
    I don’t understand.

We use the Present Continuous

  • at the time of speaking (‘now’)
    I’m watching a movie on TV.
  • things which are true at the moment but not always
    I’m looking for a new job.
  • present plans for the future
    I’m taking my husband to New York for his birthday.

Look at these sentences:

  • I usually don’t drink coffee but I’m having one this morning because there is nothing else.
  • I often drive to work but I’m taking the train this morning because my car is in for repair.
  • I’m thinking about dying my hair blonde but I don’t think my wife will be very happy about it.
  • My parents live in New York but I’m just visiting.

Notice how in all these examples we use the present continuous to talk about events which are temporary/limited in time and the present simple to talk about events which are habits/permanent.

 

We use the past simple to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past.

We can use it to talk about a specific point in time.

  • She came back last Friday.
  • I saw her in the street.
  • They didn’t agree to the deal.

It can also be used to talk about a period of time.

  • She lived in Tokyo for seven years.
  • They were in London from Monday to Thursday of last week.
  • When I was living in New York, I went to all the art exhibitions I could.

You will often find the past simple used with time expressions such as these:

  • Yesterday
  • three weeks ago
  • last year
  • in 2002
  • from March to June
  • for a long time
  • for 6 weeks
  • in the 1980s
  • in the last century
  • in the past

 We use the past continuous to talk about past events which went on for a period of time.

We use it when we want to emphasize the continuing process of an activity or the period of that activity. (If we just want to talk about the past event as a simple fact, we use the past simple.)

  • While I was driving home, Peter was trying desperately to contact me.
  • Were you expecting any visitors?
  • Sorry, were you sleeping?
  • I was just making some coffee.
  • I was thinking about him last night.
  • In the 1990s few people were using mobile phones.

We often use it to describe a “background action” when something else happened.

  • I was walking in the street when I suddenly fell over.
  • She was talking to me on the phone and it suddenly went dead.
  • They were still waiting for the plane when I spoke to them.
  • The company was declining rapidly before he took charge.
  • We were just talking about it before you arrived.
  • I was making a presentation in front of 500 people when the microphone stopped working.

  First the good news – all new verbs in English are regular.

  • I photocopied the report.
  • She faxed it to me.
  • They emailed everybody about it.

However, that doesn’t help you to learn the approximately 180 irregular verbs which do exist. Luckily some of these are extremely rare but many others are very useful and you need to know them.

So how do you learn them? Some teachers think you should learn a list of them ‘by heart’. Other teachers think you should not learn them at all – you will just gradually acquire them over time.

One useful method is to note down new irregular verbs as you meet them. But how should you note them?

It is useful to put these verbs (or any vocabulary you want to learn) into sentences and learn those rather than the individual word.

Which do you think is easier to learn?

stick stuck stuck

I stuck the photo into my album.

Another good technique is to classify the irregular verbs into 4 categories.

1. All forms the same

cost cost cost

set set set

2. Similar sound groups

beat beat beaten

eat ate eaten

.

blow blew blown

throw threw thrown

.

drink drank drunk

sing sang sung

.

speak spoke spoken

wake woke woken

3. The second and third forms are the same.

bend bent bent

sleep slept slept

spend spent spent

.

bring brought brought

buy bought bought

teach taught taught

.

have had had

pay paid paid

say said said

4. The “unclassifiables”

come came come

do did done

go went gone

show showed shown

As you meet new irregular verbs, try to decide in which category they fall

39 Responses

  1. Hi Yanna…! Thanks for posting this material. I like it very much. I appreciated you so much for sharing your knowledge with us.
    Please post more and more materials.
    May God Bless You.

    • You’re welcome. I’ll try

  2. pa,kitakan sudah buka wibesite bapak trus kita harus ngapain?

  3. sir.thanks for mosting this material…

    englis lessons i like it very happy

  4. how can I make easy to understand in English??

  5. Sir, I want to ask how to master the English language easily and quickly?

  6. Sir, I want to ask how to learn and master the English language with ease and speed?

  7. Sir, thank you for the lessons and prayers have given us hopefully pass the exam.

  8. sir how to make learning English easier to understand
    Simak

  9. sir how to make learning English easier to understand ?

  10. sir how to learn techniques that are easier english ?

  11. My pack is less understood about the English language that do the problems to find the wrong sentence

  12. sir i want to learn English but I find difficulty in learning, how to learn English so that no difficulty bahaa and can be easily understood

  13. sir how to make learning English easier to understand

  14. pack how to simplify and understand in developing English language skills

  15. I hope you can pack again taught us the spirit of the English language so that we can understand and master the English language formula

  16. I have been delighted in guided by the father in teaching the English language is the father of science may provide for this could be useful for us at the UN later, thanks for the material that you provide during this

  17. sir,,,, how to learn b.inggris in 1 month or 3 months fluent reading b.inggris

  18. My pack felt difficulty in learning b.inggris despite trying, I had no trouble how to pack for

  19. pack how to simplify and understand in developing English language skills.

  20. b.inggris pack how to read fluently and understand

  21. sir,, why in learning about listening b.inggris difficult to understand

  22. Sir, thank you for the lessons that father had taught, may be useful. And beg his prayers so that we can do the test smoothly.

  23. I pack very aware, there are still many shortcomings me in English and hopefully you can teach me with a sincere heart.

  24. pack her how to learn English easily and quickly understood

  25. sir it so how to learn English are not easily bored, and more on understanding

  26. pak bagaimana cara nya untuk lebih mudah mengerjakan soal yang mencari kalimat yang salah

    • Nanti saya tulis di blog ini pada “Tips dan Strategi” bagian ke 2

  27. sir how to more easily work on the problems of seeking the wrong sentence

  28. Sir I want to master the English language with ease but I do not know how? whether the father should give her a solution for us so we can understand in the English language

  29. I say thank you for the lessons and materials that have been given to my father, my father really liked the material content.

  30. I pack lots of thanks because the father has been providing materials with very clear. and I really feel comfortable with teaching mr………………..

  31. Our teacher was quite satisfied with the way you teach
    Our many-many thanks………….!!!!!!!!!!…>><<

  32. pak saya dari smk binekas klas X
    yg harus di print Yg harus di print yang mna ea ??????

  33. Sir nice Blog.. I think i can study english here🙂

    • Thanks! I hope so..

  34. pak tolong share tips bagaimana cara mengerjakan soal EROR RECOGNITION,,,

    • Sudah diposting di blog ini tinggal baca ja klo masih da yg mo ditanyakan silakan komen ja!

  35. mr bahan ajarnya yang ,mana ? kan bagian reported speech tapi sya cari ko ngga ada ya ?

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